IFS (Indian Forest Services)
India is one of the First countries in the world to have stated scientific management of its forests. During the year 1864 the then British India Government started the Imperial Forest Department and appointed Dr. Dietrich Brand is a German Forest officer Inspector General of Forests in 1866.Having recognized the need to have a premier forest service to mange the varied natural resources of the vast country and to organize the affairs of the Imperial Forest Department, Imperial Forest Service was constituted in 1867.
Having realized the importance of a multi-tier forest Administration in the federal and provincial Governments for effective management of forest resources the British India Government also constituted Provincial Forest Service and Executive & Subordinate Services, which were quite similar to the present day forest administrative hierarchy.
The officers appointed to the Imperial Forest Service from 1867 to 1885were trained in France and Germany. Thereafter, until 1905 they were trained at Cooper's Hill, London, which had been one of the prestigious professional colleges of Forestry at that time. From 1905 to 1926 the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge and Edinburgh had undertaken the task of training the officers of the Imperial Forest Service. The Imperial Forest Research Institute, Dehradun, presently & popularly known all over the world as FRI was established at Dehra Dun in the year 1906. The baton to train the IFS officers was passed on to Forest Research Institute, which it did successfully from1927 to 1932. Subsequently the Indian Forest College (IFC) was established in the year 1938 at Dehra Dun and the officers recruited to the Superior Forest Service by the provinces/states were trained there.
The subject of "Forestry" which was managed by the Federal Government until then, was transferred to the "Provincial List" by the Government of India Act, 1935 and subsequently recruitment to the Imperial Forest Service was discontinued.
The Indian Forest Service, one of the three All India Services, was constituted in the year 1966 under the All India Services Act, 1951 by the Government of India.
The main mandate of the service is the implementation of the National Forest Policy which envisages scientific management of forests and to exploit them on a sustained basis for primary timber products, among other things.Since 1935 the management of the forests remained in the hands of the Provincial Governments and even today the Forest Departments are managing the forests of the country under the respective State governments.
(A) Tentative Schedule:- (i) Notification of Examination - February/March (ii) Conduct of Examination – July
B) Age-limits- 21-30 Years on 1st July of the year of examination
Certain categories of persons as specified in the Notice are eligible for age relaxation.
(C) Educational Qualification- A Bachelor’s degree with at least one of the subjects namely, Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science, Botany, Chemistry, Geology, Mathematics, Physics, Statistics and Zoology or a Bachelor’s degree in Agriculture or Forestry or Engineering of a recognized university or equivalent.
Candidates appearing at their degree examination (with prescribed subjects) are also eligible to compete. Candidates qualifying on the result of the written part of the examination will be required to submit the proof of passing the requisite examination along with their detailed application form to be filled up at that stage.
(D) Scheme of Examination
UNION PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
CANDIDATES SHOULD NOTE THAT THE GOVERNMENT HAS CHANGED THE
PATTERN OF INDIAN FORESTS SERVICE EXAMINATION FROM THE CURRENT
YEAR BY INTRODUCING A COMPONENT OF SCREENING MECHANISM
THROUGH CIVIL SERVICES (PRELIMINARY) EXAMINATION. ALL THE
CANDIDATES APPLYING FOR INDIAN FORESTS SERVICE EXAMINATION ARE
THEREFORE REQUIRED TO APPEAR IN THE CIVIL SERVICES (PRELIMINARY)
EXAMINATION AND QUALIFY THE SAME FOR GOING TO THE SECOND STAGE
OF INDIAN FORESTS SERVICES MAIN EXAMINATION (WRITTEN AND INTERVIEW).
CANDIDATES DESIROUS OF APPLYING FOR INDIAN FOREST SERVICE
EXAMINATION AS WELL AS FOR THE CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATION CAN
APPLY THROUGH A COMMON ONLINE APPLICATION FORM SUBJECT TO
MEETING THE REQUISITE ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA BY THEM
CANDIDATES TO ENSURE THEIR ELIGIBILITY FOR THE EXAMINATION:
Candidates applying for the examination should ensure that they fulfill all eligibility conditions for admission to the Examination. Their admission at all the stages of the examination will be purely provisional subject to satisfying the prescribed eligibility conditions. Mere issue of Admission Certificate to the candidate will not imply that his/her candidature has been finally cleared by the Commission. Verification of eligibility conditions with reference to original documents is taken up only after the candidate has qualified for Interview/Personality Test.
2. HOW TO APPLY:
Candidates are required to apply online only by using the website www.upsconline.nic.in Brief instructions for filling up the online Application Form have been given in Appendix-II.Detailed instructions are available on the above mentioned website.
3. PENALTY FOR WRONG ANSWERS :
Candidates should note that there will be penalty (Negative Marking) for wrong answers marked by a candidate in the Objective Type Question Papers.
4. For both writing and marking answers in the OMR sheet [Answer Sheet], candidates must use black ball pen only.Pens with any other colours are prohibited. Do not use Pencil or Ink pen Candidates are further advised to read carefully the "Special Instructions"contained in Appendix-III of the Notice.
5. FACILITATION COUNTER FOR GUIDANCE OF CANDIDATES :
In case of any guidance/information/clarification regarding their applications, candidature etc. candidates can contact UPSC’s Facilitation Counter near ‘C’ Gate of its campus in person or over Telephone No.011-23385271/011-23381125/011-23098543 on working days between 10.00 hrs and 17.00 hrs.
Scheme and subjects for the Preliminary and Main Examination.
A. PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION :
The Examination shall comprise of two compulsory Papers of 200 marks each.
Note: (i) Both the question papers will be of the objective type (multiple choice questions).
(ii) The question papers will be set both in Hindi and English. However, questions relating to English Language Comprehension skills of Class X level will be tested
through passages from English language only without providing Hindi translation
thereof in the question paper.
(iii) Details of the syllabii are indicated in Part A of Section III.
(iv) Each paper will be of two hours duration. Blind candidates will; however, be
allowed an extra time of twenty minutes for each paper.
B. MAIN EXAMINATION:
The written examination consisting of the following papers:-
Paper I- General English 300 Marks
Paper II-General Knowledge 300 Marks
Papers III, IV, V and VI.-Any two subjects to be selected from the list of the optional
subjects set out in para 2 below. Each subject will have two papers:- 200 marks for
(C) Interview for Personality Test (See (C) of Section II of this Appendix) of such
candidates as may be called by the Commission-Maximum Marks : 300
2. List of optional subjects :
(ii.) Agricultural Engineering
(iii) Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science
(vi) Chemical Engineering
(vii) Civil Engineering
(xi) Mechanical Engineering
Provided that the candidates will not be allowed to offer the following combination of subject :
(a) Agriculture and Agricultural Engg.
(b) Agriculture and Animal Husbandry& Veterinary Science.
(c) Agriculture and Forestry.
(d) Chemistry and Chemical Engg.
(e) Mathematics and Statistics.
(f) Of the Engineering subjects viz.Agricultural Engineering, Chemical
Engineering, Civil Engineering and Mechanical Engineering- not more than one
NOTE - The standard and syllabii of the subjects mentioned above are given in Section III.
1. All the question papers for the examination will be of conventional (essay) type.
2. ALL QUESTION PAPERS MUST BE ANSWERED IN ENGLISH. QUESTION
PAPERS WILL BE SET IN ENGLISH ONLY
3. The duration of each of the papers referred to above will be three hours.
4. Candidates must write the papers in their own hand. In no circumstances will they
be allowed the help of a scribe to write the answers for them. However, blind
candidates will be allowed to write the examination with the help of a scribe. An
extra time of 30 minutes for each paper will also be allowed to a blind candidate.
C PERSONALITY TEST
The candidate will be interviewed by a Board of competent and unbiased observers who will have before them a record of his/her career. The object of the Interview is to assess the personal suitability of the candidate for the Service. The candidate will be expected to have taken an intelligent interest not only in his/her subjects of academic study but also in events which are happening around him/her both within an dout side his/her own state or country, as well as in modem currents of thoughts and in new discoveries which should rouse the curiosity of well educated youth.
2. The technique of the interview is not that of a strict cross examination, but of a natural, though directed and purposive conversation, intended to reveal mental qualities
of the candidate. The Board will pay special attention to assessing the intellectual curiosity, critical powers of observation and assimilation, balance of judgement and
alertness of mind, initiative, tact,capacity for leadership; the ability for social cohesion,
mental and physical energy and powers of practical application; integrity of character;
and other qualities such astopographical sense, love for out-door life and the desire to
explore unknown and out of way places.