The Public Sector Undertakings of Indian Government, number more than 200 commercially functioning companies. The Public Sector Undertaking companies are better known by their shorter initial form of PSU. These undertakings are divided into two parts – state and central.

Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) are government undertaking companies. These provide secure future and good money as these are less affected by the current recession. This sector provides a career for both technical and non-technical personnel.

The students from technical background can apply in technical service providing companies, i.e. BSNL, MTNL, SAIL, NHAI, NTPC, BHEL, ONGC, HPCL, IOCL, BPCL and many more. There are 252 PSUs in India. These PSUs recruit thousands of diploma and degree holding personnel in technical field. All these companies have their own recruiting procedures.

Some of these companies have competitive type examinations and others have technical written and interview rounds. The intimation for the examination is generally notified beforehand repeatedly in their websites and in all the leading daily newspapers.

Pay Structure of PSUs:

Varies according to the status of PSU (Maharatna, Navratna and Miniratna)

S.NO. Type of Companies Salary Structure
1 Maharatna 24900 - 50500
2 Navratna 20600 - 46500
3 Mini-Ratna 16400 - 40500


List of companies in the above three categories are given as


Other Benefits

         Medical facility

          Education (subsidies fee)

          Transport Facility                           

 Loan facility at lower interest                                  

          Subsidies electricity and water bills


Township: well managed township with all relevant facilities.




          shopping centers

          guest houses

          Community centers, etc.


Major PSUs:

State-owned enterprises are called Public Sector Undertakings (PSU) or Public Sector Enterprises. These companies are owned by the union government of India, or one of the many state or territorial governments, or both. The company stock needs to be majority-owned by the government to be a Public Sector Undertaking. PSUs may be classified as Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSEs), public sector banks (PSBs) or State Level Public Enterprises (SLPEs).

These Enterprises are further divided into-

1. MAHARATNA (Central Public Sector Enterprises)

2. NAVRATNA (Central Public Sector Enterprises)

3. MINIRATNA (Central Public Sector Enterprises)


Full detail like PSU's official website, careers in PSU's & Recruitment policies in PSU's are available on- https://bestgateiescoaching.com/public-sector-undertakings/


1.            How to prepare for PSU

PSUs Entrance Exam Question Paper mainly consists of two major sections: Technical Section and Non-Technical Section: your area of specialization. Non-Technical Section includes General Awareness, Current Affairs, English Language, reasoning & Aptitude.

Referring to previous year question papers is of utter importance. Prefer Reference books and class notes for the practice of concepts.


Here at THE GATE COACH we prepare students for technical as well as non technical section of exam. We have special books for Non technical sections. We do offer special classes for the same.


a)       Written test- The written test consists of two papers- Technical and Aptitude. The questions of the Technical test depend on the discipline chosen among the given disciplines. Like given disciplines are Electrical, Chemical, Mechanical, Civil, Control and Instrumentation and HR & Finance.

b)      Group Discussion- Group Discussion is a novel way to assess person's personality. It is both a technique and an art to judge the capacity of the person and his aptness for the job. Characteristics of Group Discussion. The term suggests a discussion or exchange of views and thoughts among a group of persons.

Important points to prepare for group Discussion

          Adequate matter

          Read widely

          Do not repeat

          Good Communication skills

          Be a good listener

          Balanced Body gestures

          Be first and last to speak

          Loudness and tone




c)       Personal Interview- common Question for which you can prepare

          Tell us about yourself

          Why did you choose your degree and what have you gained from it?

          What has been your most important achievement in life so far? Why

          What are your strengths and weaknesses?

          Why have you applied for this job?

          What do you have to offer us?

     What are the current issues in this sector of work?

 Describe a project you have successfully completed.

          How would your friends describe you?



There are number of PSUs those recruit of their own by selection process rest of them recruit through GATE



2.              PSU recruiting through GATE -2020

10 NLC
13 HAL
16 IOL



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